The Greatest Hostage Rescue in History: Documentary on The Entebbe Raid. In August 2012, Uganda and Israel commemorated the raid at a somber ceremony at the base of a tower at the Old Entebbe Airport, where Yonatan Netanyahu was killed. Entebbe International Airport … Security Council. Her remains were recovered near a sugar plantation 20 miles (32 km) east of Kampala in 1979,[80] after the Uganda–Tanzania War ended Amin's rule. According to Hartuv, Böse fired only at Israeli soldiers and not at hostages. Website +256 782 453526. The population is African, with small minorities of Europeans. Mar 15, 2014 - Explore Aviva Thaler's board "Entebbe Rescue-1976", followed by 379 people on Pinterest. The Entebbe Airport Raid In June 1976, Amin made one of his most infamous decisions by aiding Palestinian and leftists militants who hijacked an Air France flight from Tel Aviv to Paris. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Entebbe-raid, Jewish Virtual Library - The Entebbe Rescue Mission, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. He said that a French-Jewish passenger who had a military background and "a phenomenal memory" provided detailed information about the number of weapons carried by the hostage-takers. Israeli commandos from the Sayeret Matkal known to the soldiers in it as only “The Unit”, stormed the Ugandan airport at Entebbe under the command of LTC Jonathan “Yoni” Netanyahu. [13][14][15] Ninety-four, mainly Israeli, passengers along with the 12-member Air France crew, remained as hostages and were threatened with death. [4][28] Out of the 106 hostages, three were killed, one was left in Uganda (74-year-old Dora Bloch), and approximately 10 were wounded. Security Council. The Israeli government secured permission from Kenya for the IDF task force to cross Kenyan airspace and refuel at what is today Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Entebbe raid, (July 3–4, 1976), rescue by an Israeli commando squad of 103 hostages from a French jet airliner hijacked en route from Israel to France. A routine commercial flight on … [25], After the raid, the Israeli assault team returned to their aircraft and began loading the hostages. That country was then dominated by the brutal dictator Idi Amin. Battle Summary and Timeline On June 27, Air France Flight 139 departed Tel Aviv for Paris with a stop in Athens. Document S/12138, 12 July 1976. [7], A week earlier, on 27 June, an Air France Airbus A300 jet airliner with 248 passengers had been hijacked by two members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations (PFLP-EO) under orders of Wadie Haddad (who had earlier broken away from the PFLP of George Habash),[8] and two members of the German Revolutionary Cells. [88] The US and UK sponsored a resolution which condemned hijacking and similar acts, deplored the loss of life arising from the hijacking (without condemning either Israel or Uganda), reaffirmed the need to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all States, and called on the international community to enhance the safety of civil aviation. Warning: This post contains spoilers for the movie 7 Days in Entebbe. [113] In addition, wreaths were laid, a moment of silence was held, speeches were given, and a poem was recited. [49] This extension of the hostage deadline proved crucial to providing Israeli forces enough time to get to Entebbe. [citation needed], The Israeli ground task force numbered approximately 100 personnel, and comprised the following elements:[51], Taking off from Sharm el-Sheikh,[66] the task force flew along the international flight path over the Red Sea, mostly flying at a height of no more than 30 m (100 ft) to avoid radar detection by Egyptian, Sudanese, and Saudi Arabian forces. [26], At Entebbe, the four hijackers were joined by at least four others, supported by the forces of Uganda's president, Idi Amin. [25][nb 1] It departed for Paris at 12:30 pm. [1][7][26][43], In the week before the raid, Israel tried using political avenues to obtain the release of the hostages. Operation Entebbe, which had the military codename Operation Thunderbolt, is sometimes referred to retroactively as Operation Jonathan in memory of the unit's leader, Yonatan Netanyahu. [56] Mackenzie's support for the operation came after Sir Maurice Oldfield, the then head of Britain's MI6 intelligence agency, put his contacts in Mossad in touch with Mackenzie, who had been an MI6 contact for some time. It took place in July 1976 in Entebbe, Uganda. Cafe Javas (359) 4 min $$ - $$$ American. A retired IDF officer, Baruch "Burka" Bar-Lev, had known Idi Amin for many years and was considered to have a strong personal relationship with him. [46] Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and defence minister Shimon Peres spent one week disagreeing on whether to give in to the hijackers' demands (Rabin's position) or not, to prevent more terrorism (Peres' position). [104][105], As a result of the operation, the United States military developed rescue teams modelled on the unit employed in the Entebbe rescue. The other hostage was in a hospital and was later killed. referring to the hijackers. The Israeli commandos returned fire with their AK47s,[73] inflicting casualties on the Ugandans. Uganda and Israel renewed their commitment to "fight terrorism and to work towards humanity". There, … In 1976, an Air France airplane carrying 250 passengers to Paris from Tel … [75], Dora Bloch, a 74-year-old Israeli who also held British citizenship, was taken to Mulago Hospital in Kampala after choking on a chicken bone. Security Council, Official Records, 1939th meeting, 9 July 1976, S/PV.1939. Entering the terminal, the commandos shouted through a megaphone, "Stay down! Entebbe and the Israeli commandos who showed the world the evils of Idi Amin One of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport planes lands at Ben-Gurion Airport carrying hijacked Air … The epic saga began on June 27, 1976. 18 Restaurants within 0.75 miles. Israeli transport planes carried 100 commandos over 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) to Uganda for the rescue operation. They turned west, passing through the African Rift Valley and over Lake Victoria. Representatives of the United Kingdom and United States offered significant praise, calling the Entebbe raid "an impossible operation". Israeli commandos fired light machine guns and a rocket-propelled grenade back at the control tower, suppressing the Ugandans' fire. [56][83][84][85][better source needed] Others have indicated various other possible causes for the bombing, including that another person aboard the plane may have been the target. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Operation Thunderbolt: Flight 139 and the Raid on Entebbe Airport, the Most Audacious … [74] The entire operation lasted 53 minutes – of which the assault lasted only 30 minutes. Some have asserted that Ugandan President Idi Amin ordered Ugandan agents to assassinate MacKenzie in retaliation for Kenya's involvement and MacKenzie's actions. [59] The Israelis finished evacuating the hostages, loaded Netanyahu's body into one of the planes, and left the airport. [111][112], In August 2012, Uganda and Israel commemorated the raid at a sombre ceremony at the base of a tower at the Old Entebbe Airport, where Yonatan Netanyahu was killed. When the C-130s landed, Israeli assault team members drove the vehicles to the terminal building in the same fashion as Amin. Böse protested "I'm no Nazi! The aircraft has been landed in Entebbe, Uganda (over 2500 miles from Israel) where tyrant Idi Amin offers sanctuary to the terrorists. Israeli commandos have rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in Uganda. [56], The United Nations Security Council convened on 9 July 1976, to consider a complaint from the Chairman of the Organization of African Unity charging Israel with an "act of aggression". This threat led to the planning of the rescue operation. A routine commercial flight on … The agent stated that Amin was terrified of possible reprisals in case his troops actually fought the Israeli military, allegedly resulting in him ordering that the Uganda Army should not open fire on Israeli aircraft during a possible raid. The hostages were in the main hall of the airport building, directly adjacent to the runway. The Entebbe raid was a bold military operation that cast Israel into the international spotlight and signaled a high point in Israeli history, as it earned admiration on a global scale. [19], The operation took place at night. [citation needed], The raid could not proceed without assistance from at least one East African government. Maliyamungu did not alert Amin or take any action on the intelligence,[60] allegedly dismissing the report as "gasiya" (rubbish). Goretti's Beachside Pizzaria and Grill (320) 10 min $$ - $$$ Italian. Among the 106 hostages staying behind with their captors at Entebbe airport were the 12 members of the Air France crew who refused to leave,[42] about ten young French passengers, and the Israeli group of some 84 people. In July 1976, an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked and forced to land in Entebbe, Uganda. Today marks 44 years since Israeli commandos raided Entebbe airport and rescued 102 hostages. How Israel planned 90-minute raid on Entebbe airport Saturday July 02 2016 At exactly 11pm on the night of July 3, 1976, the 100 Israeli’s flying over Lake Victoria landed at Entebbe. Many sources indicate that the Israeli cabinetwas prepared to release Palestinian prisoners if a military solution seemed unlikely to succeed. [110] In April 1996, the aircraft was leased to Vietnam Airlines for three months. (See Entebbe raid.) In July 1976, an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked and forced to land in Entebbe, Uganda. The portrayal of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was Peter Finch's final performance; he died five days after the film's release. [70] In addition, a third hostage, 56-year-old Ida Borochovitch, a Russian Jew who had emigrated to Israel, was killed by a hijacker in the crossfire. [25], On 3 July, at 18:30, the Israeli cabinet approved a rescue mission,[50] presented by Major General Yekutiel Adam and Brigadier General Dan Shomron. Implications of the "war on terror" for human rights in Kenya", "Battling against 'the falsification of history'", "In 1976 letter, Iran hailed Entebbe rescue, mourned death of Yoni Netanyahu", "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A300B4-203 F-BVGG Entebbe Airport (EBB)", "MNG Airlines TC-MNA (Airbus A300 – MSN 19) (Ex F-BVGG N742SC)", "Binyamin Netanyahu visits scene of brother's 1976 Entebbe airport death", "Amazon.com: Black OPS Season 1: Amazon Digital Services LLC", "New 'Entebbe' hijacked by heavy-handed political correctness", "theatreor.com presents A WORLD PREMIERE from an Israeli Perspective", "Untitled Theater Co #61's Fest of Jewish Theater & Ideas Runs", Israel's raid on Entebbe was almost a disaster, BBC Article and Videos – 4 July 1976: Israelis rescue Entebbe hostages (BBC), BBC: 30th anniversary of the raid on Entebbe, BBC Age of Terror – Episode 1: Terror International, Taxi Aereo el Venado Douglas DC-4 accident, Assassination of the Israeli attache in Washington, Full list of Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Operation_Entebbe&oldid=991546679, Aviation accidents and incidents in Uganda, Operations involving Israeli special forces, Palestinian terrorist incidents in Europe, Terrorist attacks attributed to Palestinian militant groups, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2011, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A quarter of Uganda's air force destroyed, Rescue at Entebbe, Episode 12 of 2005 documentary series, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 17:01. 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